IP is an acronym for internet protocol which is generally a set of rules controlling the form of data being sent through a specific network. IP addresses are a set of numbers assigned to a particular network; this is used to make devices visible to the server and accessible for communication.
IP addresses act as channels for communication on the web. These are mainly composed of numbers that are unique for every device. All devices connect through this set of numbers; they find, send, and receive information through the help of IP addresses. This means one can also track down a person’s location just by knowing their IP.
Every person’s digital device connected to the internet will have two (2) types of IP addresses: the Public and Private IP Addresses.
Every device connected to your home or business internet network has its own unique private IP addresses. This includes smartphones, laptops, computers, Bluetooth speakers, etc. Your router may need to find a way to identify each one of these devices and for these devices to recognize each other. Therefore, your router will create an exclusive IP address, which will differentiate each one from the network.
A Public IP Address is a primary address given by your internet service provider (ISP). Your internet provider mainly has a large pool of IP addresses that they’ve bought and distributed to their customers. This primary address is linked to all your internet activity — which means your provider will know what’s happening on their servers, including their customers’ location.
There are actually two (2) types of Public IP address: the dynamic IP address and the static IP address.
A dynamic IP address changes automatically in a certain period. This method of assigning IPs is actually beneficial for both the provider and the customer. When it may generate huge cost savings for your ISP, you as a customer will be given security benefits, too, as regular changing of IP addresses will make it hard for hackers to barge into your network interface.
A static IP address, on the other hand, remains constant. When your ISP assigns an IP address once, it will stay as-is over time, as long as you are connected to their server. Having a static IP address is quite rare because only businesses who wish to come up with their own host server will be given a static IP address from a service provider. Otherwise, it is provided by request.
Your IP address can be compared to your Social Security Number; while it is unique to the device it is assigned to, it is also used to ensure that communication on the internet is correct and the information received is accurate.